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Homemade Bug Spray and Insect Repellents

Homemade Bug Spray and Insect Repellents |

Last year I published an article on how to grow your own mosquito repellents, but this summer I thought I’d bring the DIY, homemade repellents a bit closer to home.

(Not that your patio isn’t home, but when the mosquitoes are buzzing in your ears, the lovely lavender plants a few metres away don’t exactly bring much comfort.)

So today, here are tried-and-true recipes for homemade bug spray, Bug-Off skin oil, insect repellent lotion, and a soothing salve for when you do get bit.

But first, we need to talk about DEET.

DEET (or should I call it by it’s proper name – N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide) is the most common ingredient in commercial insect repellents and has been proven to have the longest period of repellency of any product on the market.

Although it has been deemed safe by the Environmental Protection Agency, it’s also classified as a pesticide by that same organization. And although the toxicity sheets for DEET declare there is no known harm to humans with limited use, even on infants, there are increasing number of studies that bring that into question, including a 2009 study from France that shows that it not only interrupts the nervous system of mosquitoes (as previously known), but that it also interferes with mammalian nervous systems – namely, ours.

According to, which quotes a study from Cornell University, DEET is “a known eye irritant and can cause rashes, soreness, or blistering when applied to the skin. Additionally, DEET has been linked to neurological problems…  Researchers at Duke University Medical Center have found that DEET causes diffuse brain cell death and behavioral changes in rats.”

So all in all, unless we’re in an area infested with swarms of malaria-ridden mosquitoes, I would strongly prefer that my children run and hike and explore with DEET nowhere in sight. And of course, if you DO use DEET, just take the advice of the ever-wise Evidence-Based Living and give your children a really good bath as soon as you are away from all the bugs.

For these recipes, any of these essential oils work well to repel bugs, but they are listed here in order of preference (and since different bugs are repelled by different scents, use a mix if you can): eucalyptus, citronella, camphor, lemongrass, pennyroyal, peppermint, lemon, rosemary, cinnamon, clove, cedarwood, sandalwood, thyme, or basil.

Homemade Bug Spray and Insect Repellents |


Homemade Bug Spray

1/8 cup apple cider vinegar
1/8 cup vodka or witch hazel
1/8 cup water
80 drops mixed essential oils, neem oil, or four thieves oil

Pour all ingredients into a small spray bottle and shake well. Apply often.

Variation: Catnip has been shown to repel insects very well, so if you aren’t in a rush to make this recipe, stuff a bottle full of fresh catnip and fill the bottle with vodka. Let sit for 4-6 months in a dark place. Then, whenever you want to mix up a batch of homemade bug spray, use that infused vodka to make your concoction.

Note: If you will be using this bug spray on children under 2, know that peppermint oil is not recommended, especially in those under 2, so use lavender, lemon, sweet orange, or tea tree in its place.


Bug-Off Skin Oil

This is faster to make than an actual lotion, but it does leave a residue on the skin. I call for jojoba because it’s the least greasy or soybean because it has mild repellent properties naturally, but olive, liquid coconut oil, whipped shea butter, or apricot kernel oil can also work. If you’re applying this on children under 5, use half of the amount of essential oils.

Be sure to reapply every 30 minutes or so if insects are heavy in your area.

1 oz jojoba oil or soybean oil
10 drops eucalyptus smithii essential oil
10 drops lavender essential oil
10 drops geranium, citronella, or lemongrass essential oil


Thick & Creamy Bug-Off Lotion

I choose to make a thick body butter rather than a thin lotion because I find it stays on better. If you prefer a thin lotion, choose your favorite unscented commercial lotion, preferably one with as few preservatives as possible, and stir the essential oils into that lotion. Oh, and this recipe does require an electric mixer, preferably one with a whisk attachment.

1 cup of mango or shea butter
½ cup coconut oil
1/2 cup of jojoba or a mild olive oil
2 tablespoons arrowroot powder or cornstarch
120 drops essential oil of your choice (optional)

Prepare an ice bath in the sink or prepare a space in your refrigerator large enough to accommodate your electric mixing bowl. Meanwhile, place your electric mixing bowl in the freezer.

Over the very lowest heat possible, melt the mango and shea butters until nearly liquid.

Add the coconut oil and continue melting until the mixture is completely liquid.

Remove the mixture from the heat.

Place the arrowroot in a small bowl and slowly add about half of the jojoba oil, carefully stirring it into a slurry as you go.

Mix thoroughly, then add it to the mango/coconut mixture along with the remaining jojoba oil, stirring well.

Pour the mixture into the chilled mixing bowl, return to the freezer, and allow to cool for 10 minutes. Fit the mixer with the whisk attachment.

After 10 minutes, add the essential oils to the oil mixture, then whip on medium-high speed until stiff peaks form. If after a few minutes it does not seem to be thickening, return the bowl to the freezer for an additional 4-5 minutes.

Scrape down the sides of the bowl, then whip again and repeat this procedure until it is solid but light and fluffy. Be careful not to chill the butters too much towards the end, or you’ll end up with chunks rather than light cloud fluff.


Bug Bite Relief Salve

If you don’t want to render your own or can’t find any locally, US Wellness Meats carries an excellent tallow. Also, Katie at Wellness Mama has a lovely homemade healing salve that uses plant-based ingredients.

½ cup rendered tallow
1 tablespoon olive oil
40 drops essential oils

Melt the tallow gently over very low heat just until it’s entirely liquid.

With the tallow in the liquid state but as cool as possible (around 120°F), whisk in the olive oil.

Add in the essential oils and pour into your storage tins or jars.

Put the mixture in the refrigerator to let it solidify.


And of course, if itching due to bug bites is overwhelming, make our homemade calamine lotion for some quick relief!

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This post may contain affiliate links, including those from, which means we earn a small commission off your purchases. And here's the thing: We only mention services and products that we think are truly worth your attention, whether they're free, paid, or otherwise. This site relies on YOUR trust, so if we don't stand behind a product 110%, it's not mentioned. Period.


  1. Sus says

    This is great! We’re about to move to a very buggy area and I have three littles that I don’t want eaten, but also don’t want slathered in toxins. Thanks!

  2. Gee says

    Thank you, am like a mosquito magnet, they swam me at times when I’m out side so I greatly appreciate all of your information, ideas and recipes for bug repellants.

  3. Sherri says

    I’m so excited to try these! I despise the smell of commercial bug sprays but we have to keep them near our doors to apply before we go out of the house.

    On a more serious note, we are in the middle of West Nile Virus (WNV) territory. People don’t realize how devastating this disease can be. I personally know of 2 elderly people who died after contracting it. And professionally, I know of people who have spent a year or more in therapy rehabilitation because of the effects.

    • Kresha says

      Yes, I had an uncle die of it. It is serious. Be sure to re-apply any bug spray often, especially the non-DEET ones!

  4. says

    Great information. Thank you for sharing. You sould try Aromaflage. Its essential oils provide incredible fragrance while naturally repelling insects. Thanks again

  5. Heather says

    I was just wondering in the first recipe if the ACV can be skipped? I’m not crazy about the smell and no amount of essential oils seem to mask it. Are mosquitos resistant to ACV?

    • Kresha says

      Absolutely you may skip it. Mosquitoes just don’t really like it, so it helps boost the overall effectiveness of the bug spray, but certainly the essential oils are there for that purpose as well, so make it however you like it! :)

  6. Lisa says

    Just to clarify about DEET being classified as a “pesticide” ANYTHING (natural or not) that kills bugs is a pesticide. So the classification as such doesn’t necessarily mean it’s dangerous. I am grateful for the recipe though! Doing yoga at sunset at the lake is causing me lots of mosquito bites!

    • Kresha says

      Yes, mosquitos seem to know just when to bite when you’re in the middle of holding a difficult pose. :-)

      Certainly, from a semantical standpoint, you’re absolutely correct, but according to the EPA documents linked to here, DEET is a conventional, chemical pesticide, not a biologically-based pesticide, and since chemical pesticides are what we typically think of with the word “pesticide,” I thought it fitting to just use the simplest, most obvious (or at least most commonly understood) version of the word.

  7. Debbie says

    I really enjoy all the recipes, both for food and for other things! I do have a question, though. Where can I get all the oils you talk about and the rendered tallow? Can you buy the tallow or can you make it at home? I am like a magnet to mosquitoes and I really hate using the smelly commercial stuff. Our mid-west area has been drenched thoroughly and repeatedly this summer and those buggers are running rampant. Help!

  8. Alisa says

    Just wondering, why did you suggest soybean oil? Isn’t it very bad (toxic) for consumption and skin? I thought rancid oils, like soybean oil, cause cancer and all that…

    • Kresha says


      Yes, soybean oil is typically one of the oils I most adamantly and vehemently avoid (and recommend others do too). However, in this case I’m okay with it because it does have compounds that naturally repel insects, so it boosts the potency of the homemade potion just slightly. And in the amounts we’re working with here, the exposure is quite minimal, so for me, I’ve decided the benefit outweighs the cost. Plus, if you happen to have soybean oil in your cupboard that you need to use up, this is great way to do so! :-)

      Hope that helps.

  9. Ashita says

    Thanks for the recipe. How often do you suggest re-applying Kresha? I have two kids and we take hikes often that last at least a couple of hours. I am a mosquito and bug magnet. So we probably need it by the gallon :) Just made a batch of this ( albiet a little tweaked due to paucity of ingredients!) No vodka but used rubbing alcohol and not all EOs were there so used what I had at hand. Citronella, clove and sweet orange. Hopefully it works well since I am already sporting bites from the last couple of days!

    • Kresha Faber says

      Well, it all depends on your skin, how much you’re sweating, how many bugs are around, etc. Typically I reapply whenever I can’t smell it anymore or the bugs seem to be around more than they were, which can range anywhere from 30 minutes to 2 hours.

      I don’t know if that helps, but good luck!

  10. Antonia says

    I have some citronella growing, and I would really like to try saving some of the leaves. does anyone know if I can put them in vodka and make a citronella oil? thanks so much!!

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